Biplane fighter aces


Százados László ‘Lacika’ Tomor

30 July 1909 - 1996

László Tomor was born in Tiszolc (today Tisovec, Slovakia) on 30 July 1909.

Tomor graduated from the Ludovika military Academy with the rank of hadnagy (2nd Lieutenant) on 20 August 1931.
After his graduation he served at Székesfehérvár-Sóstó and Szombathely airfields in different assignments.

He was promoted to főhadnagy on 1 November 1934.

He was transferred to the 1/3. "Kőr Ász" vadászszázad in the late summer of 1938 and took over command of the squadron in the autumn of 1939.

On 1 September 1940, he was promoted to százados.

He was still Commanding Officer of the 1/3. "Kőr ász" vadászszázad at the time of the assault on Soviet Union. The unit was at the time equipped with Fiat CR.42s.

On 12 July, twelve CR.42s of the 1/3. "Kőr ász" vadászszázad, under the command of százados Tomor, redeployed to Kolomea (Kolomiya), and were immediately engaged in combat operations.

On 22 July, százados Tomor, squadron CO of the 1/3. vadászszázad took of from Bar airfield with four other CR.42s to reconnoitre the area between Braclav, Bersady, Tulchyn and Dzhurin. During this mission, they attacked and strafed enemy columns and armour. Ground fire was intense and only one Fiat escaped unscathed, because the aircraft lacked armour protection and thus were vulnerable to ground fire. Százados Tomor was wounded in five different places, and received the most punishment; nevertheless, he returned to base.

On 5 August 1941, it was reported to the Hungarian headquarters that a multi-engined Soviet aircraft had landed in the village of Podvysokoye, possibly with the order to rescue some high-ranking officers or commissars of the surrounded Soviet army in the Uman pocket. Six CR.42s of the 1/3. vadászszázad took of and százados Tomor lead the first section, while hadnagy János ‘Hanzi’ Pettendi led the second. Another pilot who took part in this mission was szakaszvezetö Lajos Göcsei. They circled around the village at 6000 feet, but they couldn’t locate the target. Tomor spotted a building, which looked like a command post; thus he decided to investigate. He dived steeply, followed by the others. The antiaircraft batteries remained silent, reluctant to disclose their location too soon. As his Fiat zoomed downward, Tomor suddenly sighted a well-camouflaged three-engined machine standing next to a house at the village’s perimeter. A few jerks on the stick, slight adjustments, then he pressed the firing button. Now the defences opened up. But it was too late. The tracers found their mark and the big transport went up in flames. All the Hungarian CR.42s sent at least one long burst into the burning aircraft. However the antiaircraft fire was heavy and every one of the fighters received hits and only two being able to return to base. Two pilots were missing but luckily Göcsei soon rang and reported that his rudder had been shot off and he had made an emergency landing at Anapol (80km west of Rovno). However, there was no news from Pettendi, a famous sporting airman. Despite the ensuing aerial search and inquiries made through intelligence channels, no trace of him was ever found thus making him the squadrons first and only pilot killed in combat during this tour of duty.

On 11 August two sections of the squadron and the Reggiane Re2000 flight, which was attached to the squadron for testing of this fighter under combat conditions, took of under the command of Tomor to escort Főhadnagy (Lieutenant) Szakonyi’s Caproni Ca135 detachment. The mission was to destroy the important bridge over the river Bug at Nikolayev since this bridge was the last remaining escape route of the encircled Soviet army. The bridge was however strongly defended by antiaircraft batteries and fighters. On the way to the target the antiaircraft fire was heavy. Most of the bombers were hit but yet they destroyed the bridge and severely damaged the railway station. On the return flight Soviet I-16s attacked the Hungarian aircraft. The Hungarian fighters flew above the bombers when they left the target area and when the Russian leader selected the first Caproni he was intercepted by Szakaszvezetö (Senior Aircraftsman) Lajos Göcsei and Hadnagy (Second Lieutenant) Seres. A turning dogfight followed but the Hungarian CR.42s stayed behind the desperate Russian until Göcsei found himself in a favorable position. He sent a long burst into the fuselage of the I-16, flames leapt from the aircraft and it fell towards the ground like a spinning torch. Almost at the same time Zászlós (Ensign) Kun had shot down another I-16 which just flew in front of his machine guns. When Tomor rejoined the bombers he discovered a lone I-16 behind one of the Capronis. He dived on the enemy and shot it down in flames. At the same time Zászlós Márton Szõnyi and Zászlós Baranyai, who were escorting a crippled Caproni, encountered two I-16s and shot them down promptly. Seres, who flew back to search for the two fighters and the bomber, saw the two Soviet fighters hitting the deck. This was the 1/3. "Kőr ász" vadászszázad first five claims during the Second World War and all CR.42s were hit but none were lost. The Re2000s claimed 2 more Soviet fighters, but had lost a pilot. The crippled Caproni claimed 3 and another Caproni claimed 1 additional Soviet fighter.

László Tomor posing on the tail of V-206. A victory bar can be seen on the tail of the aircraft (from his victory on 11 August 1941).

The 1/3. "Kőr ász" vadászszázad had now flown 151 individual sorties since leaving its Hungarian base at Mátyásföld a month ago had claimed 5 victories, 1 pilot was missing, one was wounded and 9 aircraft were damaged.

On 2 September Tomor strafed Soviet ground forces at the Dniepropetrovsk bridgehead together with eight more pilots with great success.

This was repeated three days later with even more success against soviet forces on the Zaporoshye Island, which was the subject of bitter fighting.

On 20 September, Tomor led five fighters to help an encircled German regiment east of Nikopol. They strafed the enemy and while they were doing so the Germans launched a counter-attack and broke out of the ring.

Tomor was decorated with the Hungarian Signum Laudis and the German Iron Cross 1st and 2nd Class after his squadron’s successful campaign in 1941.

From 1 October 1942, he was transferred to the Air Gunnery School in Debrecen.
In 1943, he was commander at the school.

In the spring of 1944, he was posted to the 3/2. közelfelderítő század, which at the time was training on the Messerschmitt Bf 110 at Ferihegy.
During this training, in the middle of February or early March, he suffered an accident with Bf 110 C-4 TD+GZ (WNr. 3624) when he forgot to open the port engine’s fuel valve resulting in that it stopped during take-off. The aircraft only suffered minor damage during the emergency landing and Tomor instantly admitted his error.

On 20 May 1944, the 3/2. Squadron was converted into e 102/2. gyorsbombázó repülszázad (fast bomber squadron)

From 1 February 1945 until the end of the war, he was a commander of the 102/2. gyorsbombázó repülszázad. This unit was equipped with Hungarian manufactured Me 210 Ca-1s.

Tomor ended the war with 1 victory, this one claimed while flying Fiat CR.42.

After the war he emigrated to the USA.
He passed away at Grass Valley, California, in 1996

Kill no. Date Time Number Type Result Plane type Serial no. Locality Unit
  05/08/41   1/6 Enemy aircraft Shared destroyed on the ground Fiat CR.42   Podvysokoye 1/3. vadászszázad
1 11/08/41   1 I-16 Destroyed Fiat CR.42   Nikolayev area 1/3. vadászszázad

Biplane victories: 1 destroyed, 1 shared destroyed on the ground.
TOTAL: 1 destroyed, 1 shared destroyed on the ground.

Csaba Becze: A magyar királyi 1. honvéd éjjeli vadász repülõszázad Magyar Repüléstörténeti Társaság Konferencia Közleményei 1999 kindly provided by Csaba Becze
Az arany sas nyomában – Csaba Becze, 2009 Puedlo Kiadó, ISBN 978-9632490588
Biplane Against The Red Bear - Julius R. Gaal, 1974 Air Combat Spring/1974 kindly provided by Santiago Flores
Elfelejtett Hősök - Csaba Becze, 2006 Puedlo Kiadó, ISBN 963-9673-064
Harcok az orosz égen Budapest - László Tomor, 1942 kindly provided by Csaba Becze
“Kőr ász” Egy vadászrepülő század története 1936-1941 - Csaba Becze, 2007 Puedlo Kiadó, ISBN 978-9639673854
Additional information kindly provided by Dénes Bernád, Csaba Becze and Ondrej Repka.
Images kindly provided by Csaba Becze

Last modified 26 May 2009