Leitenant Emelyan Filaretovich Kondrat
In October 1936 he went to Spain (arriving on 20 October) as a member of the first group of volunteers to fly in the Spanish Civil War, using the nom de guerre ’Kombrat’.
In Spain, he served in the 1a Escuadrilla, which was equipped with I-15s.
By 9 December, he was credited with 1 shared He 51.
In January 1937, two Chato flights commanded by Evgeniy Erlykin and Anton Kovalevskii flew south to Malaga. A third Soviet pilot, Kondrat, was also a member of one of the flights, but the remaining five pilots were Spanish.
On 3 February 1937, the detachment of the Escuadrilla Rychagov (I-15) at Malaga fought with three He 51s and claimed all three shot down. It seems that Leitenant Nikolay Artemyev claimed one of them while Leitenant Kondrat and Viktor Matyunin claimed a shared. The third was claimed by a Spanish pilot.
In mid-February, Evgeniy Erlykin and Kondrat were recalled from Malaga to the central theatre near Madrid, and the Spanish pilot Emilio Galeta was promoted to detachment commander.
Kondrat left Spain on 7 April 1937.
During his time in Spain he claimed 3 and 3 shared victories flying the I-15. He took part in 180 operational sorties in Spain.
|Kill no.||Date||Time||Number||Type||Result||Plane type||Serial no.||Locality||Unit|
|??/??/36||1||He 51||Shared destroyed||I-15||Spain||1a Escuadrilla|
|03/02/37||1/2||He 51||Shared destroyed||I-15||Malaga area||Escuadrilla Rychagov|
|??/??/3?||1||Enemy aircraft||Shared destroyed||I-15||Spain||1a Escuadrilla|
|1||??/??/3?||1||He 51||Destroyed||I-15||Spain||1a Escuadrilla|
|2||??/??/3?||1||He 51||Destroyed||I-15||Spain||1a Escuadrilla|
|3||??/??/3?||1||Enemy aircraft||Destroyed||I-15||Spain||1a Escuadrilla|
Biplane victories: 3 and 3 shared destroyed.
TOTAL: 3 and 3 shared destroyed.
Air Aces Home Page - Jan Safarik
Air War over Spain - Jesus Salas Larrazabal, 1974 Ian Allan Ltd, Shepperton, Surrey, ISBN 0-7110-0521-4
Polikarpov I-15, I-16 and I-153 Aces - Mikhail Maslov, 2010 Osprey Publishing, Oxford, ISBN 978-1-84603-981-2
Soviet airmen in the Spanish civil war 1936-1939 - Paul Whelan, 2014 Schiffer Publishing Ltd, ISBN 978-0-7643-0
Spanish Republican Aces – Rafael A. Permuy López, 2012 Osprey Publishing, Oxford, ISBN 978-1-84908-668-4