Biplane fighter aces

Soviet Union

General Leytenant Dmitriy Aleksandrovich Medvedev HSU

Dmitriy Medvedev was born on 21 September 1918 in Uzlovaya in the Tula region.

He joined the army in 1935, graduating two years later from the Odessa Military Air College.
After graduating he served in the Byelorussian military district.

He served in Mongolia during the fighting over the Khalkin Gol River in 1939 in the 22 IAP, equipped with I-16s.

In August 1939, he claimed a Japanese A5M (probably a Ki-27) in a head-on “taran” ramming attack after having exhausted all his ammunition.

Totally, during the Khalkin Gol conflict, he flew 75 combat missions and claimed three victories. For this he was decorated with the Order of the Red Banner and the Mongolian Order. He was also promoted to Starshiy Leytenant.

In 1939-40, he took part in the Soviet-Finnish Winter War, flying in the 7 IAP which was equipped with Polikarpov I-153s.
This unit was tasked with ground attack and bomber escort duties.

In the beginning of March 1939, he was shot down by anti-aircraft fire and injured. He was hospitalized but was soon back in operations.

In June 1941, Medvedev served as the leader of an eskadrilya in the 92 IAP. This unit was at the time based at an airfield near Brody.

During his eight sortie on 22 June 1941 he led a zveno (section) of three I-153s.
They attacked a group of 37 Junkers escorted by six Bf 109s over Brody. Medvedev shot down one Junkers and damaged another. During the combat leytenant Skorobogatov, one of Medvedev’s wingmen, was shot down and killed.
When they landed on the airfield the Messerschmitts attacked them and set fire on Medvedev’s biplane.

On 24 June, he claimed two Bf 109s.

He was shot down in his I-153 on 20 July and parachuted over enemy territory. It took him three days to reach the Soviet lines.

In the beginning of August, he was again shot down.

Soon after this, the regiment was sent to Kharkov for re-equipment with the MiG-3 but in November the were sent to the rear without aircraft.

In the beginning of 1942, 92 IAP moved to the Volkhov Front to protect Leningrad.
The unit had at this time been equipped with the LaGG-3 and Medvedev promoted to deputy commander.

In February, the regiment was withdrawn to Gor’kiy to re-equip with the La-5.

During the Kursk battle in June-July 1943, he claimed three enemy aircraft in five days while flying La-5s.

He was then posted to command the 486 IAP.

In the end of July, he claimed two Ju 87s over Kromi.

During the autumn, 486 IAP was withdrawn to Gor’kiy to re-equip with brand new La-5Ns and in the beginning of 1944, they were sent to the 2nd Ukrainian Front.

By 1945, he was a Podpolkovnik. And ended the war in Czechoslovakia.

He claimed his last victory on 9 May, when he shot down a Ju 52/3m over Prague.

On 11 May 1945, he flew his last combat mission.

Medvedev ended the war with 3 biplane victories and a total of 14 and 15 shared. These were claimed during 451 sorties.

He continued to serve after the war.

On 15 May 1946, he was decorated with the Golden Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin.

He graduated from the Air Academy in 1951 and from the General Staff Academy eight years later.

Medvedev retired as a General Leytenant in 1975, going to live in Leningrad.
During his career he was also decorated with the Order of Lenin (twice more), the Order of the Red Banner (totally six times), the Order of the Patriotic War 1st Class (twice) and the Order of the Red Star (twice).

Kill no. Date Time Number Type Result Plane type Serial no. Locality Unit
1 ??/08/39   1 Ki-27 Destroyed I-16   Khalkin Gol 22 IAP
2 ??/??/39   1 Enemy fighter Destroyed I-16   Khalkin Gol 22 IAP
3 ??/??/39   1 Enemy bomber Destroyed I-16   Khalkin Gol 22 IAP
4 22/06/41   1 Junkers Destroyed I-153   Brody 92 IAP
  22/06/41   1 Junkers Damaged I-153   Brody 92 IAP
5 24/06/41   1 Bf 109 Destroyed I-153     92 IAP
6 24/06/41   1 Bf 109 Destroyed I-153     92 IAP
? ??/??/43   1 Enemy aircraft Destroyed La-5   Kursk area 92 IAP
? ??/??/43   1 Enemy aircraft Destroyed La-5   Kursk area 92 IAP
? ??/??/43   1 Enemy aircraft Destroyed La-5   Kursk area 92 IAP
? ??/07/43   1 Ju 87 Destroyed La-5   Kromi 486 IAP
? ??/07/43   1 Ju 87 Destroyed La-5   Kromi 486 IAP
14 09/05/45   1 Ju 52/3m Destroyed La-7   Prague 486 IAP

Biplane victories: 3 destroyed, 1 damaged.
TOTAL: 14 and 15 shared destroyed, 1 damaged.

Russian Fighter Aces of 1914-1953 years
Stalin's Falcons - Tomas Polak and Christhoper Shores, 1999 Grub Street, London, ISBN 1-902304-01-2
Triumf a tragedie - Milos Sedivy and Valerii Dymich, 2001 Svet kridel, ISBN-80-85280-70-1 kindly provided by Tomáš Polák
Additional information kindly provided by Ondrej Repka.

Last modified 16 December 2008