Biplane fighter aces

Soviet Union

Podpolkovnik Yakov Leonyevich Ovodov HSU

20 October 1917 –

Ovodov was born on 20 October 1917 in Mordovskii Karai in the Saratov area.

He entered the army in 1938, graduating from the Borisoglebsk Military Air College.

He was first posted to the front in February 1942 after having been posted to the 133 IAP.

On 20 February, he claimed a Bf 109 while flying an I-153.

Later he was taken off operations to attend an advanced course.

He quickly rose to Starshiy Leytenant and saw considerable fighting at Kursk.

On 11 July 1943, he claimed two Fw190s.

On 19 July, he was leading a fighter sweep of Yak-7Bs when they engaged a force of 27 Ju 87s between Oleshnya-Bortnoye, eight of these being shot down.

Later in the war, as a Mayor he was deputy commander of the 133 IAP.

He took part in the Vistula-Oder campaign (12 January – 3 February 1945) and participated in the action surrounding the Küstrin bridgeheads.

Between 5-8 March, he claimed two victories, including a single on 6 March while leading six Yak-3s on an escort for four 174 GShAP Il-2s when they became embroiled in a dogfight with 12 Fw190s. In all, five German fighters were destroyed for no losses.

Ovodov closed his scoring in the final clashes over Berlin.

Ovodov ended the war with 1 biplane victory and a total of 19 victories claimed in 224 sorties and 69 combats (as of April 1945 when he had 18 victories).

He was decorated with the Gold Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union on 15 May 1946.

He remained in the Air Force until 1954, when he retired as a Podpolkovnik, then living in Kiev.
During his career, he was also decorated with the Order of Lenin, The Order of the Red Banner (three times), the Order of the Patriotic War 1st Class (twice) and the Order of the Red Star.

Kill no. Date Time Number Type Result Plane type Serial no. Locality Unit
1 20/02/42   1 Bf 109 Destroyed I-153     133 IAP
? 11/07/43   1 Fw190 Destroyed Yak-7   Ponyri, Kursk 133 IAP
? 11/07/43   1 Fw190 Destroyed Yak-7   Ponyri, Kursk 133 IAP
? 06/03/45   1 Fw190 Destroyed Yak-3   Stettin 133 IAP
? 05-08/03/45   1 Enemy aircraft Destroyed Yak-3     133 IAP
19 April-May/45   1 Enemy aircraft Destroyed     Berlin 133 IAP

Biplane victories: 1 and 4 shared destroyed.
TOTAL: 19 destroyed.

Stalin's Eagles - Hans D. Seidl, 1998 Schiffer Publishing, ISBN 0-7643-0476-3
Stalin's Falcons - Tomas Polak and Christhoper Shores, 1999 Grub Street, London, ISBN 1-902304-01-2
Additional information kindly provided Ondrej Repka.

Last modified 10 June 2007