Biplane fighter aces

Soviet Union

Kapitan Pavel Ignat'evich Tshinyakov

21 January 1909 - 21 September 1983

Pavel Tshinyakov was born on 21 January 1909 in Morshansk in the Tambov region.

He joined the Red Army on 10 November 1928.

He was promoted to Leytenant on 17 March 1936.

In December 1936, he started pilot training and in December 1937 he joined the KBF.

In May 1938, he was posted to the 2nd eskadrilya of the 13 IAP-KBF.

On 5 February 1939, he was promoted to Starshiy Leytenant.

Tshinyakov took part in Winter-war between Soviet Union and Finland between 30 November 1939 and 13 March 1940.

He was awarded the Order of the Red Banner on 21 April 1940.

On 16 September 1940, he was posted to the 71 IAP-KBF where he initially served as a flight commander in the 2nd eskadrilya and deputy eskadrilya commander. This was a role he served in until 14 February 1941.

On 25 July 1941, he claimed an Hs 126 while flying a Polikarpov I-153.

On 21 September, six I-153s from 71 IAP-KBF flew a reconnaissance mission looking for enemy troops in the Krasny Bor area. They intercepted and engaged two Bf 109s and three Ju 88s. Starshiy Leytenant Tshinyakov claimed one Bf 109 over the Uritsk district. Starshiy Leytenant Tshinyakov and Mazurenko returned from the combat wounded while Starshiy Leytenant Viktor Gavrilov was killed.

From 29 September 1941, he served as vice commander of the 2nd eskadrilya.

Tshinyakov was promoted to Kapitan on 20 November 1941.

On 16 December 1941, Tshinyakov was awarded a second Order of the Red Banner.

At 19:00 on 27 March 1942 five I-153s from the 71 IAP led by Tshinyakov intercepted two Finnish Fokker D.XXIs over the Gulf of Finland and one Fokker D.XXI was claimed shot down. The Finnish fighter crashed on the ice and was claimed as a shared by all the pilots.
It seems that the Soviet fighters had been in combat with Fokkers from LLv 30, which didn't suffer any losses.

On 7 August 1943, he was appointed commander of an eskadrilya in the 14 IAP (in the Pacific Fleet).

On 2 March 1944, he returned to the KBF and was appointed deputy commander of the 3rd eskadrilya of 3 GIAP-KBF.

Around 12:00 on 15 May, he claimed a Ju 88 10km north-east of Sommeri.

He claimed a Ju 88 over Ust-Luga district around 19:50 on 26 May.

At 09:23 on 28 May, he claimed an Fw 190 in the Vigrund area.

He claimed an Fw 190 over Narva bay at around 22:00 on 30 May.

On 18 July, he was awarded a third Order of the Red Banner.

At 18:18 on 5 August, he claimed a Ju 87 over the Baltic and claimed another as a probable two minutes later.

He continued to served in the 3 GIAP-KBF until October 1944.

On 3 November 1944, he was decorated with the Order of the Red Star.

Tshinyakov ended the war with 2 biplane victories and a total of 7.
During the Great Patriotic War, he completed 522 sorties, flew 41 ground-attack sorties, 44 reconnaissance sorties and took part in 61 air combats.

After the war, he continued serve in the KBF.

From 28 December 1945, he served as commander of an eskadrilya in 10 GIAP-KBF.

Tshinyakov passed away on the night between 20 and 21 September 1983.

Claims:
Kill no. Date Time Number Type Result Plane type Serial no. Locality Unit
  1941                
1 25/07/41   1 Hs 126 Destroyed I-153     71 IAP-KBF
2 21/09/41   1 Bf 109 Destroyed I-153   Uritsk district 71 IAP-KBF
  1942                
  27/03/42 19:00 1/5 Fokker D.XXI (a) Shared destroyed I-153   Gulf of Finland 71 IAP-KBF
  1944                
3 16/05/44 ~12:00 1 Ju 88 Destroyed La-5   10km NE Sommeri 3 GIAP-KBF
4 26/05/44 ~19:50 1 Ju 88 Destroyed La-5   Ust-Luga district 3 GIAP-KBF
5 28/05/44 09:23 1 Fw 190 Destroyed La-5   Vigrund area 3 GIAP-KBF
6 30/05/44 ~22:00 1 Fw 190 Destroyed La-5   Narva Bay 3 GIAP-KBF
7 05/08/44 18:18 1 Ju 87 Destroyed La-5   Baltic 3 GIAP-KBF
  05/08/44 18:20 1 Ju 87 Probably destroyed La-5   Baltic 3 GIAP-KBF

Biplane victories: 2 and 1 shared destroyed.
TOTAL: 7 and 1 shared destroyed, 1 probably destroyed.
(a) Probably claimed in combat with Fokkers from LLv 30, which didn't suffer any losses.

Sources:
Airmen of World
Soviet Aces of World War 2 - Hugh Morgan, 1998
Stalin's Eagles - Hans D. Seidl, 1998 Schiffer Publishing, ISBN 0-7643-0476-3
Stalin's Falcons - Tomas Polak and Christhoper Shores, 1999 Grub Street, London, ISBN 1-902304-01-2
Suomen Ilmavoimat part III – 1941 – Kalevi Keskinen and Kari Stenman, 2007, ISBN 978-952-99743-1-3
Suomen Ilmavoimat part IV – 1942 – Kalevi Keskinen and Kari Stenman, 2007, ISBN 978-952-99743-2-0




Last modified 28 March 2011