Biplane fighter aces

Soviet Union

Polkovnik Georgiy Nikanorovich Zhidov HSU

20 February 1916 - 11 April 1974

Zhidov was born in Tolmachevke in the Ryazan region on 20 February 1916.

He entered the army on 4 March 1936, graduating from the Orenburg Military Air Collage during the same year.

In September 1939, he took part in the occupation of Eastern Poland.

In June 1941, Zhidov served as a Leitenant in the 123 IAP of the 10 SmAD. The unit was at this time based in the Kobrin-Pinsk area. The unit was partially re-equipped with Yak-1s but as late as 19 June, only 20 Yak-1s were assembled at Imenin airfield and the unit thus started the war still equipped with Polikarpov I-153s.

During his first take-off in the morning on 22 June, he claimed two shared Ju 88s.
According to some sources he claimed an individual He 111.

At 10:00, eight Bf 109Es from IV/JG 51 attacked four I-153s from 123 IAP flown by Kapitan N. P. Mozhaev, Leytenant Zhidov (his second take-off during the day), Leytenant Petr Ryabtsev and Leytenant Nazarov over the Brest fortress.
Zhidov claimed two shared Bf 109 shot down, but shortly afterwards his own aircraft was severely hit before another I-153 came to his aid. Mozhaev claimed a Bf 109 while Ryabtsev claimed another in a “taran” ramming attack after having expended all his ammunition. Ryabtsev managed to successfully bail out of his stricken fighter.
No German fighters seem to have been lost in this combat but Oberleutnant Karl-Gottfried Nordmann claimed an I-153 (most possibly Ryabtsev) at 10:10.

He is reputed to have claimed an additional numbers of shared victories on 22 June including a Bf 109 in the Zabinka area, two shared Ju 88s, 1 shared Bf 109 and 1 shared Hs126 in the Brest area, giving a total of nine shared victories on this first day of the war.

Zhidov claimed an enemy aircraft on 28 June.

On 30 July, he claimed two shared Bf 110s in the Edrovo area.

He claimed a Bf 109 on 23 September.

On 27 September, he claimed a Bf 109 over Petrusino-Kolpino.

He took part in the combat over Moscow before the regiment moved to the Leningrad area.

Together with two other pilots, he claimed a shared Bf 109 over Arbuzovo on 25 October.

On 26 November, he claimed a Bf 109 in the Osinovec area.

On 30 November, he took part in an interception of 12 Ju 88s and 12 Bf 109s over Cape Osiovets. As a result of the interception, no bombs fell on the port.

On 1 January 1942, he claimed a shared Bf 109 together with another pilot over Slisselburg.

In 1942, he was promoted to Kapitan.

On 15 April twelve 26 IAP and 123 IAP MiG-3s, Yak-1s and I-16s attacked the German aircraft dispersal area at Krasnogvardeysk Airdrome. Kapitan Vasiliy Matsiyevich of 26 IAP claimed two “Junkers” destroyed on the ground. In reality, only one Bf 109 sustained light damage during the raid.
Two I/JG54 fighters scrambled and engaged the Soviet fighters. Kapitan Zhidov shot down one of the Bf 109s, but the Podpolkovnik Boris Romanov, commanding officer of 26 IAP, was lost when his MiG-3 was shot to pieces and exploded on the ground not far from Krasnogvardeysk.
During the return flight, a lone Bf 109 pilot made a quick high-side attack and shot up one of the MiG-3s before he withdrew at high speed. The MiG-3 pilot, Leytenant Nikolay Shcherbina, belly landed in friendly territory.
Zhido’s claim in this combat can be verified with German loss records.

On 28 June, he claimed a Bf 109 over Manuskino.

Two days later, on 30 June he claimed a Bf 109 over Sokoly and one and one shared over Racha.

By June, he had flown 266 sorties, claiming 8 and 13 shared victories in 40 combats. At this time, he served as a eskadrilya commander.

He claimed a Ju 88 over Sosnovka on 3 August.

On 4 September, he claimed a Bf 109 over Rozdestvenskaja.

123 IAP was designated the 27 GIAP on 22 November 1942.

In December 1942, he claimed one enemy bomber in a “taran” attack over Ladoga when he struck it with his right wing.
Zhidov managed to safely land his damaged fighter

On 14 February 1943, he was decorated with the Gold Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin.

On 9 June, he claimed a Fw190. By this time, the unit had been re-equipped with the La-5.

He claimed another Fw190 over Kolpino on 18 June.

On 22 June, he claimed a Bf 110 over Gatajlovo.

During the autumn of 1943, he served with the unit on the Leningrad and Volkhov fronts.

During 1944, he took part in the battle for the Baltic States.

On 22 June, he claimed two Bf 109s in the Viborg area.

He claimed a Bf 109 over Piproty on 30 June 1944.

He ended the war in Europe in the Berlin area.

In August 1945, he was commander of the 401 IAP and with this unit, he took part in the crushing of the Kwantung Army. At this time he held the rank of Mayor.

Zhidov ended the war with 1 biplane victory and a total of 16 and 14 shared destroyed. These were claimed during 366 combat missions and 70 air battles.

During the war he was also decorated with the Order of the Red Banner (five times), the Order of the Patriotic War 1st Class and 2nd Class and the Order of the Red Star (twice).

He remained in the Air Force after the war and retired as a Polkovnik in 1957.

Zhidov then lived in Moscow.
He passed away on 11 April 1974 after severe and prolonged illness.

Claims:
Kill no. Date Time Number Type Result Plane type Serial no. Locality Unit
  1941                
  22/06/41 morning 1 Ju 88 Shared destroyed I-153   Brest area 123 IAP
  22/06/41 morning 1 Ju 88 Shared destroyed I-153   Brest area 123 IAP
  22/06/41 10:00 1 Bf 109 (a) Shared destroyed I-153   Brest area 123 IAP
  22/06/41 10:00 1 Bf 109 (a) Shared destroyed I-153   Brest area 123 IAP
  22/06/41   1 Bf 109 Shared destroyed I-153   Zabinka area 123 IAP
  22/06/41   1 Ju 88 Shared destroyed I-153   Brest area 123 IAP
  22/06/41   1 Ju 88 Shared destroyed I-153   Brest area 123 IAP
  22/06/41   1 Bf 109 Shared destroyed I-153   Brest area 123 IAP
  22/06/41   1 Hs126 Shared destroyed I-153   Brest area 123 IAP
? 28/06/41   1 Enemy aircraft Destroyed       123 IAP
  30/07/41   ½ Bf 110 Shared destroyed Yak-1   Edrovo airfield 123 IAP
  30/07/41   ½ Bf 110 Shared destroyed Yak-1   Edrovo airfield 123 IAP
? 23/09/41   1 Bf 109 Destroyed Yak-1   N of station Rybackoye 123 IAP
? 27/09/41   1 Bf 109 Destroyed Yak-1   Petrusino-Kolpino 123 IAP
  25/10/41   1/3 Bf 109 Shared destroyed Yak-1   Arbuzovo 123 IAP
? 26/11/41   1 Bf 109 Destroyed Yak-1   Osinovec area 123 IAP
  1942                
  01/01/41   ½ Bf 109 Shared destroyed Yak-1   Slisselburg 123 IAP
? 15/04/42   1 Bf 109 (b) Destroyed     Krasnogvardeysk airfield 123 IAP
? 28/05/42   1 Bf 109 Destroyed Yak-1   Manuskino 123 IAP
? 30/05/42   1 Bf 109 Destroyed Yak-1   Lake Sokoly 123 IAP
  30/05/42   ½ Bf 109 Shared destroyed Yak-1   Racha area 123 IAP
? 30/05/42   1 Bf 109 Destroyed Yak-1   Racha area 123 IAP
? 03/08/42   1 Ju 88 Destroyed Yak-1   Sosnovka 123 IAP
? 04/09/42   1 Bf 109 Destroyed Yak-1   Rozdestvenskaja 123 IAP
? ??/12/42   1 Enemy bomber (c) Destroyed     Ladoga 27 GIAP
  1943                
? 09/06/43   1 Fw190 Destroyed La-5   Antropshino 27 GIAP
? 18/06/43   1 Fw190 Destroyed La-5   Kolpino 27 GIAP
? 22/06/43   1 Bf 110 Destroyed La-5   Gatajlovo 27 GIAP
  1944                
? 22/06/44   1 Bf 109 Destroyed La-5   Viborg 27 GIAP
? 22/06/44   1 Bf 109 Destroyed La-5   Viborg 27 GIAP
? 30/06/44   1 Bf 109 Destroyed La-5   Piproty 27 GIAP

Biplane victories: 1 and 9 shared destroyed.
TOTAL: 16 and 14 shared destroyed.
Since Zhidov officially is credited with 16 individual claims one of the claims in the list above is probably a shared one or a probable.
(a) Claimed in combat with JG51. 123 IAP claimed at least two Bf 109s in this combat but these losses have not been possible to verify with German sources.
(b) Bf 109 from I/JG54 shot down. This loss can be verified with German records.
(c) Claimed in a ”taran” ramming attack.

Sources:
Aeroram
Barbarossa – The Air Battle: July-December 1941 – Christer Bergström, 2007, Chevron Publishing Limited, ISBN 978-1-85780-270-2
Black Cross/Red Star Volume I - Christer Bergström and Andrey Mikhailov, 2000 Pacifica Military History, ISBN 0-935553-48-7
Black Cross/Red Star Volume II - Christer Bergström and Andrey Mikhailov, 2001 Pacifica Military History, ISBN 0-935553-51-7
Russian Fighter Aces of 1914-1953 years
Stalin's Eagles - Hans D. Seidl, 1998 Schiffer Publishing, ISBN 0-7643-0476-3
Stalin's Falcons - Tomas Polak and Christhoper Shores, 1999 Grub Street, London, ISBN 1-902304-01-2
Additional information kindly provided by Ondrej Repka and Yuri Shakhov.




Last modified 20 January 2008