Fiat CR.42 in Regia Aeronautica service


Fiat CR.42s from the 10o Gruppo of the 4o Stormo CT in North Africa.
The left aircraft is from 91a Squadriglia while the right is from the 90a Squadriglia.
The unit emblems were painted on the aircraft at Goriza before departing for North Africa.
The images are taken after 12 June 1940 since the Caproni in the left picture is carrying a white cross on the rudder and this marking was applied on this date.
The left photo also shows the tail unit of a third CR.42 from the 9o Gruppo C.T. with a prancing horse. Thus the image is taken after July 1940 when the 9o Gruppo joined the 10o Gruppo in Africa. Regarding the place only two possibilities exist, El Adem or Bengasi Berka, the only two airbases big enough to have a concrete platform as the one present in the photo.
© Renato Zavattini

Fiat CR.42 units in the Regia Aeronautica

Gruppos
Gruppo Squadriglie Stormo Bases and missions Serials Notes
3o 153a, 154a, 155a 6o 24/07/41 - Soman (Tripolitania) - CE, DF, NF, GA
??/12/41 - Ara Fileni (Tripolitania) - DF, GA
??/01/42 - El Merduma (Tripolitania) - DF, GA
29/01/42 - Sidi Omar (Egypt) - DF, GA
??/02/42 - Benghasi K2 (Cirenaica) - CE, NF, DF, GA
??/05/42 - Benghasi K3 (Cirenaica) - DF
10/05/42 - Martuba 5 (Cirenaica) - GA, DF
MM7203 From January 1941 the CR.32 was gradually replaced by the CR.42. The older aircraft ceased operations around April.
7o 76a, 86a, 98a 5o ??/07/42 - Araxos (Greece) - CE, DF, AE, NF   Used some CR.42CNs as night-fighters during the summer of 1942.
8o 92a, 93a, 94a 2o 03/06/40 - Tobruk T2 (Cirenaica) - DF, CE, AE
22/07/40 - Berka (Cirenaica) - TG
20/08/40 - Derna (Cirenaica) - DF
06/09/40 - Gambut (Cirenaica) - DF, AR
12/09/40 - El Adem (Cirenaica) - DF
19/09/40 - Uadi el Menastir (Cirenaica) - DF, AE
15/12/40 - Berka (Cirenaica) - IT
20/12/40 - Mirafiori (Italy) - TG
20/01/41 - Torino Caselle (Italy) - TG, DF, NF
??/04/41 - Oria Manduria (Italy) - DF, NF
??/05/41 - Torino Caselle (Italy) - DF, NF, CE
MM4390, MM5542, MM5543 Started to convert to the MC.200 in February 1941.
9o 73a, 96a, 97a 4o 10/06/40 - Goriza (Italy) - TG
??/06/40 - Torino Mirafiori (Italy) - AE, AR
01/07/40 - Comiso (Sicily) - AE, AR
11/07/40 - Berka (Cirenaica) - TG
??/08/40 - Benghasi (Cirenaica) - DF
??/09/40 - El Adem (Cirenaica) - DF, AE
MM4383, MM4393, MM5020,
MM5021, MM5599, MM5605,
MM5650.
This was the first unit to receive the new MC.200 in 1940 but the pilots preferred their CR.42s, so they swapped aircraft with 1o Stormo! The unit transferred finally to the MC.200 in the end of 1940.
10o 84a, 90a, 91a 4o 10/06/40 - Tobruk T2 (Cirenaica) - DF
??/06/40 - Benina (Cirenaica) - DF
??/06/40 - Berka (Cirenaica) - DF
??/08/40 - Bir el Gobi (Cirenaica) - DF
??/09/40 - El Adem (Cirenaica) - DF, AE
??/09/40 - Berka (Cirenaica) - DF, AE
MM4306, MM4332, MM5516,
MM5567, MM5552.
This unit had used the CR.42 since September 1939 and was very fond of it. So when the new MC.200 arrived in 1940 the pilots decided, along with their soulmates in 9o Stormo to retain the biplane, passing the monoplane to 1o Stormo. The unit transferred finally to the MC.200 in early January 1941.
12o 159a, 160a 50o 21/05/43 - Castelvetrano (Sicily) - DF, CE, AR   Used some CR.42s during the summer of 1943. This ground attack unit was then occupied with local defence and convoy escorts.
13o 77a, 78a, 82a 2o 10/06/40 - Castelbenito (Tripolitania) - TG
19/06/40 - Tobruk T2 (Cirenaica) - DF, AE, GA
08/08/40 - Berka (Cirenaica) - DF
16/09/40 - Gambut (Cirenaica) - DF, AE, GA
18/09/40 - Tmimi (Cirenaica) - DF, AE, GA
??/02/41 - Jesi (Italy) - DF
??/06/41 - Genova (Italy) - AN, AR
MM4387 Started the war using both the CR.32 and the CR.42. Re-equipped with the MC.200 in October 1941.
16o 167a, 168a, 169a 54o 01/08/42 - Crotone (Sicily) - DF, NF, CE   Used some CR.42s during the summer of 1942. The CR.42s were perhaps used as night-fighter complement to the units MC.200s and MC.202s?
18o 83a, 85a, 95a 3o, 56o 10/06/40 - Novi Ligure (Italy) - GA, AE, AR
09/07/40 - Mirafiori (Italy) - TG
06/10/40 - Monaco (Monaco) - IT
17/10/40 - Darmstadt (Germany) - IT
19/10/40 - Ursel (Belgium) - AE, AR
10/01/41 - Frankfurt (Germany) - IT
13/01/41 - Pisa (Italy) - TG
29/01/41 - Sorman (Tripolitania) - CE
30/01/41 - Mellaha (Tripolitania) - CE
12/02/41 - Tamet (Tripolitania) - DF
07/04/41 - Benghasi K2 (Cirenaica) - DF
10/08/41 - Tamet (Tripolitania) - IT
10/08/41 - Sorman (Tripolitania) - IT
MM4306, MM4326, MM4332,
MM4336, MM4337, MM4353,
MM4366, MM4372, MM4379,
MM4449, MM4462, MM5662,
MM5665, MM5666, MM5667,
MM5668, MM5676, MM5688,
MM5694, MM5701, MM5703,
MM6976, MM6978.
This unit was temporarily transferred to 56o Stormo for operations over the English Channel. Re-equipped with MC.200s in late summer of 1941.
23o 70a, 74a, 75a 3o, Autonomo 09/06/40 - Cervere (Italy) - GA, AE, DF
21/06/40 - Torino Mirafiori (Italy) - IT
22/06/40 - Villanova d'Albenga (Italy) - DF
25/06/40 - Torino Mirafiori (Italy) - TG
09/07/40 - Campiglia (Italy) - IT
09/07/40 - Capodichino (Italy) - IT
10/07/40 - Regio Calabria (Italy) - IT
11/07/40 - Comiso (Sicily) - AE, DF, AR
16/12/40 - Castelbenito (Tripolitania) - IT
19/12/40 - Ain el Gazala (Cirenaica) - IT
20/12/40 - Derna (Cirenaica) - DF, AE
01/01/41 - Ain el Gazala (Cirenaica) - DF, AE
05/01/41 - Tmimi (Cirenaica) - AE
06/01/41 - Derna (Cirenaica) - AE
07/01/41 - Berka (Cirenaica) - AE, DF
09/01/41 - Benghasi K2 (Cirenaica) - DF
04/02/41 - Tamet (Tripolitania) - DF
07/02/41 - Sorman (Tripolitania) - DF
01/03/41 - Comiso (Sicily) - DF, AE, AR
19/04/41 - Pantelleria (Sicily) - CE
21/06/41 - Boccadifalco (Sicily) - DF, NF, TG
12/12/41 - Castelbenito (Tripolitania) - DF
13/12/41 - Misurata (Tripolitania) - CE
24/12/41 - Trapani Milo (Sicily) - DF
MM4361, MM4368, MM4382,
MM7046, MM7613.
The Gruppo became Autonomo on 9 July 1940 and took part in the attacks on Malta. Received their first MC.200s during the summer of 1941 but didn't finally re-equip with this fighter until the winter of 1941-42.
24o 354a, 355a, 361a, 370a, 395a Autonomo 19/07/41 - Monserrato (Sardinia) - DF, AE
??/08/42 - Monserrato (Sardinia) - DF, AE, AR, CE
MM7195, MM7594 Used some CR.42s when the Gruppo was based at Sardinia as a complement to their usual G.50s when longer range was needed. 361a and 395a Squadriglias left the Gruppo during the summer of 1941 to become Autonomos.
46o 20a, 21a 15o ??/05/42 - Vicenza (Italy) - TG
28/08/42 - Benghasi K1 (Cirenaica) - CE
??/09/42 - El Adem (Cirenaica) - GA
16/09/42 - Bu Amud (Cirenaica) - GA
01/11/42 - Benghasi K1 (Cirenaica) - GA, DF
18/11/42 - Tamet (Tripolitania) - GA
??/01/43 - Zuara (Tripolitania) - IT
19/01/43 - Vicenza (Italy) - TG
??/05/43 - Siena (Italy) - TG
21/05/43 - Capoterra (Sardinia) - CE, GA
16/07/43 - Pontedera (Italy) - GA
28/07/43 - Firenze Peretola (Italy) - TG
  This ex -bomber Gruppo converted to the CR.42 when then unit became an attack unit in May 1942.
47o 53a, 54a 15o ??/05/42 - Vicenza (Italy) - TG
28/08/42 - Benghasi K1 (Cirenaica) - IT
07/09/42 - Bu Amud (Cirenaica) - CE
??/09/42 - Derna (Cirenaica) - CE
??/09/42 - Barce (Cirenaica) - CE, DF
09/11/42 - Agedabia (Cirenaica) - DF
13/11/42 - Tamet (Tripolitania) - GA, DF
25/11/42 - Sorman (Tripolitania) - GA, DF
??/01/43 - Zuara (Tripolitania) - IT
08/01/43 - Vicenza (Italy) - TG
21/05/43 - Oristano (Sardinia) - GA
16/07/43 - Pontedera (Italy) - GA
28/07/43 - Firenze Peretola (Italy) - TG
  This ex -bomber unit converted to the CR.42 when then unit became a attack unit in May 1942 and joined 15o Stormo Assalto.
59o 232a, 233a 41o, Autonomo 23/12/41 - Treviso (Italy) - TG, NF
??/01/43 - Torino Caselle (Italy) - TG, NF
21/05/43 - Metato (Italy) - NF
10/06/43 - Ciampino (Italy) - NF
16/07/43 - Littoria (Italy) - NF
30/07/43 - Lagnasco (Italy) - NF
07/08/43 - Venegono (Italy) - NF
  This ex -bomber unit converted to night fighter duties using among their aircraft the CR.42CN. The Gruppo became Autonomo in June 1943.
60o 234a, 235a 41o, Autonomo 23/12/41 - Treviso (Italy) - TG, NF
21/10/42 - Lonate Pozzolo (Italy) - TG, NF
??/04/43 - Venegono (Italy) - NF
MM9128 This ex -bomber unit converted to night fighter duties using among their aircraft the CR.42CN. The Gruppo became Autonomo in June 1943.
101o 208a, 209a 5o 04/06/42 - Ciampino Sud (Italy) - IT
05/07/42 - Capodichino (Italy) - IT
06/07/42 - Gerbini Nord (Sicily) - CE
15/07/42 - Pantelleria (Sicily) - CE
21/07/42 - Castelbenito (Tripolitania) - IT
24/07/42 - Tamet (Tripolitania) - IT
24/07/42 - Benghasi K1 (Cirenaica) - IT
25/07/42 - Derna (Cirenaica) - CE
22/08/42 - Abu Nimeir (Egypt) - GA, NF, AR, NB
31/10/42 - Abu Smeit (Egypt) - CE, AR, NB
05/11/42 - Bir el Astas (Egypt) - IT
06/11/42 - Bu Amud (Cirenaica) - AR
11/11/42 - Agedabia (Cirenaica) - AR
13/11/42 - En Nofilia (Tripolitania) - AR
04/12/42 - Buerat (Tripolitania) - IT
06/12/42 - Misurata (Tripolitania) - IT
08/12/42 - Gerbini (Sicily) - IT
  This unit, an ex-Stuka unit, received their first CR.42s (assault version) on 27 April 1942. In December 1942 the unit transferred back to Italy were it started to re-equip with Fiat G.50Bs.
150o 363a, 364a, 365a 53o, Autonomo 10/06/40 - Torino Caselle (Italy) - DF, AE
23/10/40 - Valona (Albania) - DF, AE
MM5579, MM5590, MM6928 (364-11). This unit received the CR.42 in May 1939. The unit became Autonomo on 23 October 1940. During the late autumn and winter of 1940 the started to convert to the MC.200.
151o 366a, 367a, 368a 53o, Autonomo 10/06/40 - Casabianca (Italy) - DF, AE
08/09/40 - El Adem (Cirenaica) - DF
??/12/41 - Agedabia (Cirenaica) - DF
22/12/41 - Ara Fileni (Tripolitania) - DF
??/12/41 - Sorman (Tripolitania) - IT
MM4272, MM4295, MM4314,
MM4325, MM4331, MM5655,
MM5580, MM5589, MM6255,
MM6257, MM7617, MM7621,
MM7634
This unit was the first to receive the CR.42, in March 1939. The unit became Autonomo on 23 October 1940. Re-equipped with the G.50bis in January 1942.
153o 372a, 373a, 374a Autonomo ??/11/40 - Brindisi (Italy) - DF
??/12/41 - Torino Caselle (Italy) - TG
  The unit used nine CR.42 together with its ordinary MC.200s during the Yugoslav campaign. In December 1941 372a Squadriglia used CR.42s in Libya for intercepts and ground strafing. When the Gruppo returned to Italy they replaced the aircraft with MC.200s and MC.202s.
154o 361a, 395a, 396a Autonomo 19/07/41 - Grottaglie (Italy) - DF, NF
10/10/41 - Crotone (Italy) - DF, NF, CE
??/05/42 - Rodi Gadurra (Aegean) - DF, NF, CE, AR
  The Gruppo was reformed on 19 July 1941 and used CR.42s for night fighter duties and G.50s for day fighter duties.
156o 379a, 380a Autonomo 20/01/41 - Comiso (Sicily) - AE   The unit disbanded on 8 April 1941.
157o 384a, 385a, 386a 1o, Autonomo 10/06/40 - Trapani Milo (Sicily) - AE MM5024 Became Autonomo at the end of July 1940. Replaced their CR.42s with MC.200s on 9 December 1940.
158o 236a, 387a, 388a Autonomo ??/12/41 - Sorman (Tripolitania) - TG
10/05/42 - Aviano (Italy) - TG
13/05/42 - Benghasi K3 (Cirenaica) - GA
26/05/42 - El Ftehja (Cirenaica) - GA
??/06/42 - Derna (Cirenaica) - GA
26/06/42 - Sidi Barrani (Egypt) - GA
30/06/42 - Abu Nimeir (Egypt) - GA
29/10/42 - Martuba 4 (Cirenaica) - CE
11/11/42 - Benghasi K1 (Cirenaica) - IT
12/11/42 - Ara Fileni (Tripolitania) - DF
15/11/42 - Buerat (Tripolitania) - GA, CE
07/12/42 - Aviano (Italy) - TG
??/05/43 - Osoppo (Italy) - GA
MM5059, MM8467 The unit formed as an Assalto unit in December 1941. 236a Squadriglia joined the unit on 9 February 1942 and was the last of the Squadriglias to use the CR.42 but handed over them in June 1943 when the whole unit had re-equipped with G.50bis.
159o 389a, 390a, 391a 50o 04/05/42 - Aviano (Italy) - TG
25/05/42 - Castelbenito (Tripolitania) - GA
28/05/42 - El Ftehja (Cirenaica) - GA
??/06/42 - Derna (Cirenaica) - GA
24/06/42 - El Adem (Cirenaica) - GA
26/06/42 - Sidi Barrani (Egypt) - GA
30/06/42 - Abu Nimeir (Egypt) - GA, AE, AR
15/09/42 - Benghasi K3 (Cirenaica) - TG, AR
??/09/42 - Abu Nimeir (Egypt) - GA
29/10/42 - Martuba 4 (Cirenaica) - CE
11/11/42 - Benghasi K1 (Cirenaica) - IT
12/11/42 - Ara Fileni (Tripolitania) - DF
15/11/42 - Buerat (Tripolitania) - GA, CE
10/12/42 - Misurata (Tripolitania) - DF, GA
18/12/42 - Gars Garabulli (Tripolitania) - GA
??/01/43 - Zuara (Tripolitania) - GA
15/01/43 - Aviano (Italy) - TG
MM5006, MM5018, MM5046,
MM5514, MM7528, MM7619,
MM7625, MM7655, MM8479,
MM8527, MM8528, MM8545,
MM8572, MM8828, MM8845,
MM8846, MM8848, MM8853,
MM8858, MM8860, MM8866,
MM8867 (389-11), MM8868, MM8891,
MM8921, MM8929, MM8939.
Re-equipped with G.50bis in January 1943.
160o 375a, 393a, 394a Autonomo 10/06/40 - Tirana (Albania) - DF, AE
28/10/40 - Drenova (Albania) - DF, AE
29/10/40 - Devoli (Albania) - DF, AE
??/??/41 - Osoppo (Italy) - TG
??/11/41 - Gialo (Cirenaica) - GA
??/12/41 - Benghasi (Cirenaica) - DF
20/12/41 - Agedabia (Cirenaica) - GA
22/12/42 - Ara Fileni (Tripolitania) - GA
??/12/42 - Sorman (Tripolitania) - GA
??/03/42 - Castelbenito (Tripolitania) - GA
??/07/42 - Sorman (Tripolitania) - GA
??/04/43 - Ajaccio (Sardinia) - DF, AE, GA, CE
MM5671, MM7029, MM7541,
MM7551, MM7554, MM7627,
MM7756.
375a joined the Gruppo in February 1941. The unit received some G.50s during 1941. At the end of September, the unit hadn't any CR.42s left and it wasn't equipped with any more until March 1943. At the end of the war they still had two CR.42s serviceable.
161o 162a, 163a, 164a Autonomo 11/06/41 - Rodi Marizza (Aegean) - DF, CE
??/03/43 - Palermo (Sicily) - DF
MM3542, MM3545, MM7180,
MM7475.
Re-equipped with G.50bis and MC.200 during the spring 1942. In March 1943 they used two CR.42CNs for night-fighter missions.
167o 300a, 303a Autonomo 10/05/42 - Ciampino (Italy) - NF, DF
??/??/43 - Grottaglie (Italy) - NF
??/05/43 - Ciampino Sud (Italy) - NF
MM7584 In May 1942 this unit was equipped with CR.42CN, CVF5, MC.200, CVF4, G.50, CVF6 (all fighters) and Ca164, Ca313 (trainers) at the same time! In the beginning of June 1943 the unit ceased using the CR.42CNs and only using RE.2001CNs.
171o 301a, 302a Autonomo 01/10/41 - Gela (Sicily) - NF   This was the first nightfighter unit to form but they were disbanded already in November 1941 when the Germans took over their base.
Battaglione Aviazione Sahariana 26a, 99a   ??/07/42 - Hon (Tripolitania) - AR, DF   This unit was formed to protect the oases in the south of Libya. By January 1943 the unit didn't have any CR.42s left.

Autonomo Squadriglias
Squadriglia Bases and missions Serials Notes
110o ??/01/41 - Dire Daua (Ethiopia) - AR, DF
24/03/41 - Gimma (Ethiopia) - AR, DF
  Received four CR.42s on 17 January 1941 to strengthen its low numbers of Ro37bis'. The unit evacuated Gimma on 5 June 1941 at which time no aircraft were serviceable.
161o ??/06/41 - Rodi (Aegean) - DF, CE   Replaced their Ro44s and Ro43s with CR.42s in June 1941. The unit was possibly equipped with MC.200s and G.50s in November 1942.
163o 10/06/40 - Marizza (Aegean) - DF
??/04/41 - Gadurra (Aegean) - DF, GA, AE
MM5549 The squadriglia joined 161o Gruppo on 11 June 1941.
236o ??/01/41 - Mitsurata (Tripolitania) - DB, GA
??/11/41 - Agedabia (Cyrenaica) - GA
??/12/41 - Sorman (Tripolitania) - GA
25/12/41 - Ara Fileni (Tripolitania) - GA
15/01/42 - El Merduma (Tripolitania) - GA
??/01/42 - Agheila (Cyrenaica) - GA
29/01/42 - Agedabia (Cyrenaica) - GA
09/02/42 - Benghasi K2 (Cyrenaica) - GA
MM4394 Used mostly the Ju 87R in January 1941 but re-equipped to only use the CR.42AS on 3 November 1941.
300o ??/??/41 - Ciampino (Italy) - NF MM7584 This unit formed from the Sezione Caccia Noturne at Guidonia, for the night fighter defence of Rome. From January to May 1942 they came under the control of 51o Stormo, then joined 167o Gruppo.
375o 01/02/41 - Tirana (Albania) - DF, AE
??/12/41 - Agedabia (Cyrenaica) - DF, GA
??/01/42 - En Nofilia (Tripolitania) - DF, GA
MM7029 Formed for operations against Yugoslavia. Joined 160o Gruppo in January 1942.
376o 20/04/41 - Torino Caselle (Italy) - TG
??/04/41 - Ciampino (Italy) - TG
21/05/41 - Castelbenito (Tripolitania) - GA, TG
08/08/41 - Ain el Gazala (Cyrenaica) - GA
15/11/41 - Bir Hacheim (Cyrenaica) - GA
25/11/41 - Ain el Gazala (Cyrenaica) - GA
MM5036, MM7942 Returned to Naples in Italy in November 1941 and re-equipped with MC.200s.
377o ??/09/42 - Sciacca (Sicily) - TG   Used CR.42s for night-fighter duties and anti-submarine patrols from September 1942 to February 1943 as a complement to their Re.2000s and MC.200s.
392o 01/03/43 - Tirana (Albania) - DF, GA, CE
24/06/43 - Airport 917? (Albania) - CE, DF
  Formed from the Caccia Terrestre based at Tirana in 1943. Also flew G.50bis, MC.200 and Ro41.
412o 10/06/40 - Massaua (Eritrea) - DF, AE
??/08/40 - Agordat (Eritrea) - DF
??/09/40 - Asmara (Eritrea) - DF
30/09/40 - Gura (Eritrea) - DF
??/10/40 - Barentu (Eritrea) - DF
??/01/41 - Gura (Eritrea) - AE, GA
16/03/41 - Dessie (Ethiopia) - DF, AE
22/03/41 - Asmara (Eritrea) - DF
31/03/41 - Dessie (Ethiopia) - DF
07/04/41 - Alomata (Ethiopia) - DF, GA, AR
??/04/41 - Gimma (Ethiopia) - DF, AE
??/06/41 - Gondar (Ethiopia) - DF
  Last fighter of the unit made a strafing attack in the Kulkaber area on 22 November 1941. Four days later it was burnt to prevent capture.
413o 10/06/40 - Assab (Ethiopia) - TG, DF
??/07/40 - Dire Daua (Ethiopia) - DF
??/08/40 - Gondar (Ethiopia) - DF
??/09/40 - Adi Ugri L.G. (Ethiopia) - DF
??/09/40 - Dessie (Ethiopia) - DF
??/09/40 - Addis Abeba (Ethiopia) - DF
28/03/41 - Gauani (Ethiopia) - DF, AE
??/04/41 - Addis Abeba (Ethiopia) - DF
05/04/41 - Dessie (Ethiopia) - DF, GA
07/04/41 - Sciasciamanna (Ethiopia) - DF, GA
??/04/41 - Gimma (Ethiopia) - DF, AE
MM4033 Last known action by the unit was on 9 July 1941.
414o 10/06/40 - Gura (Eritrea) - DF, AE
28/06/40 - Assab (Ethiopia) - DF, AE
  The unit lost its last six CR.42s in a raid on Assab on 10 July 1940. The unit ceased to exist after this.

Abbrevations
AE: Aerial escort duties
AR: Armed reconnaissance duties
CE: Convoy escort duties
DB: Day bombing duties
DF: Day fighting duties
GA: Ground attack duties
IT: In transit
NB: Night bombing duties.
NF: Night fighting duties
TG: Training duties

If anyone has more information about the use of the CR.42 in the Regia Aeronautica during the Second World War and especially the serial numbers on CR.42 in specific Squadriglias, please fell free to contact me!

Sources:
3o Stormo, storia fotografica - Dai biplani agli aviogetti - Carlo Lucchini and Leproni Enrico, 1990 Gino Rossato Editore
53o Stormo - Marco Mattioli, 2010 Osprey Publishing, Oxford, ISBN 978-1-84603-977-5
Aerei Modellismo no. 2 1997 kindly provided by Jean Michel Cala.
A History of the Mediterranean Air War 1940-1945: Volume One – Christopher Shores and Giovanni Massimello with Russell Guest, 2012 Grub Street, London, ISBN 978-1908117076
A History of the Mediterranean Air War 1940-1945: Volume Two – Christopher Shores and Giovanni Massimello with Russell Guest, Frank Olynyk & Winfried Bock, 2012 Grub Street, London, ISBN-13: 9781909166127
Battle over Malta - Anthony Rogers, 2000 Sutton Publishing Limited, Gloucestershire, ISBN 0-7509-2392-X
Caccia assalto - Emilio Brotzu and Gherardo Cosolo, 1973, kindly provided by Massimo Cappone.
Courage Alone - Chris Dunning, 1998
CR42 (Ali e Colori no1) - Giorgio Apostolo, La Bancarella Aeronautica, Torino 1995 kindly provided by Jean Michel Cala.
Desert Prelude: Early clashes June-November 1940 - Håkan Gustavsson and Ludovico Slongo, 2010 MMP books, ISBN 978-83-89450-52-4
Desert Prelude: Operation Compass - Håkan Gustavsson and Ludovico Slongo, 2011 MMP books, ISBN 978-83-61421-18-4
Diario Storico 84a Squadriglia kindly provided by Ludovico Slongo.
Diario Storico 366a Squadriglia kindly provided by Ludovico Slongo.
Faisceaux Italiens Sur La Manche (2ème Partie) - Cynrick De Decker, 1999 Avions no. 80 November 1999 kindly provided by Jean Michel Cala
Fiat CR.42 - Aerei Modellismo n°5/1999 kindly provided by Jean Michel Cala.
Fiat CR.42 - Replic Magazine n°50-10/1995 kindly provided by Jean Michel Cala.
Fiat CR.42 - Giorgio Apostolo, 1995
Fiat CR.42 Aces of World War 2 - Håkan Gustavsson and Ludovico Slongo, 2009 Osprey Publishing, Oxford, ISBN 978-1-84603-427-5
FlyPast, February 1989
I caccia a motore radiale: FIAT CR 42 - Nino Arena, 1979, kindly provided by Massimo Cappone.
Italian Aces of World War 2 - Giovanni Massimello and Giorgio Apostolo, 2000 Osprey Publishing, Oxford, ISBN 1-84176-078-1
La 391a Squadriglia Assalto da Bir Hacheim ad Augusta (1942-1943) - Ferdinando Pedriali, 1980 Aerofan Lug./Set. 1980.
La Bataille de France (4e partie) les combats franco-italiens 10 juin-25 juin 1940 - Batailles Aériennes n°11, Lela Presse January 2000 kindly provided by Jean Michel Cala.
La Battaglie Aeree In Africa Settentrionale: Novembre-Dicembre 1941 – Michele Palermo, IBN, ISBN 88-7565-102-7
Malta: The Spitfire Year 1942 - Christopher Shores and Brian Cull with Nicola Malizia, 1991 Grub Street, London, ISBN 0-948817-16-X
Quelli del Cavallino Rampante - Antonio Duma, 1981 Editore Dell'Ateneo, Roma, kindly provided by Stefano Lazzaro
Regia Aeronautica: periodo prebellico e fronti occidentali - Angelo Emiliani, Giuseppe Ghergo and Achille Vigna, 1975, kindly provided by Massimo Cappone.
The Fireflies of Rhodes - Nicola Malizia, Aeroplane Monthly February 2000
Additional information by Roger Juglair kindly provided by Ferdinando D'Amico.
Additional information kindly provided by Massimo Cappone, Roger Juglair, Stefano Lazzaro and Ludovico Slongo.





Last modified 20 April 2017