Biplane fighter aces

Soviet Union

Major Stepan Gavrilovich Ivanov HSU

20 March 1914 – 19 July 1983

Stepan Ivanov was born on 20 March 1914.

He joined the Red Army in 1936 and graduated from Orenburg military aviation school in 1938.

Ivanov took part in the Soviet-Finnish Winter War in 1939-1940 where he served in 72 SmAP-SF, flying Polikarpov I-15bis.

In September 1941, Ivanov served in 152 IAP, flying Polikarpov I-153s.

152 IAP had been established in late 1939 within the 9th Army Air Force, being based initially at Voynitsa airfield near the town of Ukhta. 152 IAP, comprised of five eskadrilias (two flying the I-15bis and three the I-153), played an active role in the “Winter War” with Finland between 9 January and 13 March 1940.
Following the cessation of hostilities, the regiment’s fighters operated from airfields in the Petrozavodsk, Leningrad and Arkhangelsk areas.

After the German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, 152 IAP – with its five eskadrilias equipped with 64 I-153s – became part of 134 IAD, within the city of Arkhangelsk’s air defence system. Based at Kegostrov airfield, it was engaged in the air defence of this vital sea port. In the absence of appropriate air observation, early warning and communication posts, there were no encounters with the enemy and, in any case, at that time the only Luftwaffe flights made in this area were by lone reconnaissance aircraft.
In August 1941, 152 IAP was reduced in size to just two squadrons operating 20 I-153s, its remaining three units being relinquished to allow them to serve as foundation squadron for newly formed regiments.
On 17 September, 152 IAP was transferred to Sosnovets airfield on the Karelian Front, from where it was to play an active role against enemy ground forces.

On 2 November, 152 IAP was pulled back to a rear area outside the city of Arkhangelsk to re-equip with Hawker Hurricanes.
Two weeks later, on 16 November, the regiment returned to the front with its first ten fighters.
After conversion to the Hurricane, 152 IAP became part| of 103 SAD (Combined Air Division), which had been formed within the Red Army Air Force on the Karelian Front at the end of October. The unit was based at the Segezhsk airfield complex and given the task of defending the southern sector of the Karelian Front, specifically the areas of Medvezhegorsk, Mosalsk and Rebolsk. The principal enemy in this sector was the Finnish Air Force.

Meanwhile, Ivanov had been decorated with the Order of the Red Banner on 7 November 1941,

On 4 December, a swarm of 3/LLv 28 was engaged in combat with three ‘I-18s’ over Maaselkä. Both parties lost one aircraft in a mid-air collision. Ylikersantti Pekka Vassinen participated in this fight:

At 13:00-13:05 hours. When we approached Maaselkä from south-west at 1,000 meters (I flew on the left wing and at the moment about 400m aside) I observed two (I-18s) climbing from below and behind in about 45 degrees angle, the enemy having considerable speed advantage still at our altitude. Kersantti Tomminen had also observed one I-18, which was shooting at ylikersantti Jussila from 100 metres behind. Kersantti Tomminen shot at the I-18 straight from the side getting hits behind the engine to the cockpit. The I-18 suddenly pulled up, when kersantti Tomminen hit the wing of the I-18 snapping it off. Kersantti Tomminen’s plane flipped on its back flying a while in this position and then the nose slowly sank into a vertical dive. A moment later, I saw the aircraft burning on the ground. I went to the surface, but did not observe any parachutes hovering. The aircraft shot by kersantti Tomminen crashed in flames. The climb rate of the I-18 was obviously good since a while earlier kersantti Tomminen had been to the surface without observing anything. The Russians opened fire from a relatively close range. My plane was MS-620.”
Kersantti Toivo Tomminen flew Morane MS-329. Ylikersantti Oskari Jussila (MS-315) claimed a damaged ‘I-18’ in this combat.
They had been in combat with three Hurricanes from 152 IAP led by Starshii Leitenant Nikolay Repnikov (Hurricane BD761). The war diary of 152 IAP reported:
“At 12:55-14:10 hours [Moscow time] three aircraft carried out the reconnaissance of enemy positions in the areas of railway junction No. 13, Medvezhegorsk, Par-guba, Kamselga, Kumsa and west of Pokrov. The mission was accomplished. The aircraft were then engaged in a combat two km south of Kriv with seven Heinkels and Me109s. The result of the battle was two enemy fighters shot down, additionally Starshii Leitenant N. F. Repnikov rammed from straight ahead on one Me109, our pilot getting killed.”
Though the regiment war diary states the enemy aircraft being Heinkels and Me 109s, in the claim list of 152 IAP these three appeared as Brewsters, one of which Starshii Leitenant Vladimir Basov and Starshii Leitenant Ivanov reported having claimed one each, while Repnikov was credited with the third in a “taran” ramming attack.
Both Repnikov and Tomminen were killed.

On 24 December, three SB bombers escorted by six Hurricanes from 152 IAP made a low-level attack on Tiiksjärvi air base. A patrol of LLv 14 was in the air and luutnantti Toivo Vuorinen reported:

“We attacked with three Fokkers from the sun against the 6-plane Hurricane patrol. One aircraft fired back. I shot at a Hurricane from 50 metres while it was making an upward turn. The aircraft went down to the surface pouring heavy smoke. Two aircraft fired from the right and ahead. I went down to the surface turning after the Hurricanes flying eastwards with greater speed, the distance increasing all the time. One aircraft was constantly smoking. I continued the chase to east of Rukajärvi.
My plane was FR-105.”
It doesn’t seem that luutnantti Vuorinen was credited with anything after this combat.
Luutnantti Esko Lehtonen (FR-150) was shot down at 10:40 (reportedly at Tungut, Eastern Karelian) and killed.
It seems that he was shot down by Starshii Leitenant Ivanov and another pilot from 152 IAP, which claimed one Hurricane shared in this combat.

In February 1942, he was posted away from 152 IAP.

In March 1942, he joined 769 IAP, continuing flying Hurricanes with this unit.

In August 1942, he left 769 IAP and in October, he was posted to 910 IAP, flying Yakovlev fighters with this unit.

From December 1942, he served as a eskadrilia commander and later became deputy commander of the regiment.

On 14 February, he was decorated with a second Order of the Red Banner.

On 9 October 1943, 910 IAP became 148 GIAP.

Ivanov was decorated with the Gold Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union on 22 August 1944. At the same time, he was awarded the Order of Lenin.

Ivanov ended the war with 1 biplane victory and a total of 9.
These had been claimed during around 500 missions and around 50 combats.

He continued to serve in the air force after the war and graduated from the Air Force Academy in 1951.

On 13 June 1952, he was decorated with a second Order of the Red Star, which was followed by a fourth Order of the Red Banner on 22 February 1955 and a fifth on 30 December 1956.

Ivanov was decorated with a second Order of Lenin on 16 October 1957.

Ivanov passed away on 19 July 1983.

Kill no. Date Time Number Type Result Plane type Serial no. Locality Unit
1 04/10/41   1 He 111 Destroyed I-153     152 IAP
2 04/12/41 12:55-14:10 1 Brewster (a) Destroyed Hurricane   Maaselkä 152 IAP
  24/12/41 10:40 1/2 Fokker D.XXI (b) Shared destroyed Hurricane   Tungut, Easter Karelian 152 IAP
3 09/04/42   1 Bf 109 Destroyed Hurricane   Murmansk 769 IAP
4 07/07/42   1 Bf 109 Destroyed Hurricane   SW Murmansk 769 IAP
  10/01/43   1/3 Fw 200 Shared destroyed Yak-7     910 IAP
  18/03/43   1/2 Bf 109 Shared destroyed Yak-7     910 IAP
5 29/03/43   1 Ju 88 Destroyed Yak-7     910 IAP
6 29/04/43   1 Fw 190 Destroyed Yak-7     910 IAP
7 05/01/44   1 Ju 88 Destroyed Yak-9     148 GIAP
8 10/02/44   1 Ju 52/3m Destroyed Yak-9     148 GIAP
9 28/03/44   1 Fw 190 Destroyed Yak-9     148 GIAP
  25/04/44   1/2 Fw 190 Shared destroyed Yak-9     148 GIAP

Biplane victories: 1 destroyed.
TOTAL: 9 and 4 shared destroyed.
(a) Claimed in combat with 3/LLv 28, which claimed 1 and 1 damaged ‘I-18’ while losing 1 MS.406 in a collision (pilot KIA). 152 IAP claimed 3 ‘Brewsters’ while losing 1 I-153 in a “taran” ramming attack (pilot KIA).
(b) Luutantti Esko Lehtonen (FR-150) of LLv 30 KiA.

All aces of Stalin 1936–1953 – Mikhail Bykov, 2014
Soviet Aces 1936-1953
Soviet Hurricane Aces of World War 2 – Yuriy Rybin, 2012 Osprey Publishing Limited, Oxford, ISBN 978-1-84908-741-1
Suomen Ilmavoimat part III – 1941 – Kalevi Keskinen and Kari Stenman, 2007, ISBN 978-952-99743-1-3

Last modified 05 April 2018