Biplane fighter aces

Soviet Union

Major Ivan Petrovich Rybin HSU

2 June 1909 – 26 April 1943

Date Decoration Note
07/04/40 Order of the Red Banner  
17/06/42 Order of the Red Star  
05/11/42 Order of the Patriotic War, 1st Class  
24/08/43 Gold Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union Posthumous
24/08/43 Order of Lenin Posthumous

Ivan Rybin was born in Yasenkaya on 2 June 1909.

He joined the Red Army on 4 September 1931 and graduated from Yeisk Military Aviation School of Naval Pilots in 1932.

In early 1940, the regiment staff and two eskadrillias (equipped with I-153s) of 34 IAP were attached to the newly formed 148 IAP.

On 7 March 1940, luutnantti Tauno Ollikainen (GL-279) led a group of six Gladiators from LLv 14 flying top cover for ground troops at Tienhaara (west of Viipuri). Between 15:15 and 15:25 and despite being outnumbered, three Russian I-153s attacked over Tervajoki. LLv 14 reported:

“Aircraft and crews: GL-279 luutnantti Ollikainen, GL-273 luutnantti Pitkänen, GL-274 luutnantti Kuula, GL-276 vänrikki Malinen, GL-278 ylikersantti Perälä and GL-279 alikersantti Roine.
Mission between 14:35 and 16:10 hours.
When patrolling over Tienhaara, two pairs of I-16s were observed, no contact. Over Tervajoki village met three I-153s, which pulled over, turned and attacked the second pair. The first pair turned around and started the combat, which was carried out between 15:15 and 15:25 hours, from 300 metres to the surface. The wind shifted the participants west of Tervajoki. Two I-153s were shot down and they both crashed in the forest. Luutnantti Ollikainen claimed one witnessed by luutnantti Kuula. The other was claimed by vänrikki Malinen and witnessed by luutnantti Pitkänen. Alikersantti Roine made a successful emergency landing to Löytöjärvi after being hit in the fuel tank. Ylikersantti Perälä’s wing touched the wing on an I-153, breaking the starboard tip of the upper wing.”
These aircraft were claimed in combat with three I-153s from 3./148 IAP led by major N. V. Gavrilov (CO) and including starshii leitenant Rybin and mladshii leitenant Yevgenii Ivanovich Zaichikov (I-153 c/n 7325). When they returned, Gavrilov claimed two Gladiators while Rybin claimed one. Zaichikov was killed in the combat, the wreck of his fighter was located in Chulkovo (former Tervajoki) only in October 2009.
The same day, both surviving Soviet pilots were decorated with the Order of the Red Banner.

Rybin ended the Winter War with 1 biplane victory.

After the German attack on the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941, starshiy leitenant Rybin continued to serve with 148 IAP, flying I-153s, MiG-3s and Yak-1s with this unit.

On 18 February 1942, six MiG-3s from 148 IAP claimed a shared Bf 109 between Plota and Maloye Yablonovo. Known participating pilots were Mikhail Nekrasov and Rybin.

On 6 August, 148 IAP claimed Ju 87s west of Aksay when Mikhail Nekrasov claimed one and Rybin claimed one shared with two other pilots.
Rybin had earlier claimed a shared Bf 109 north of Gniloaksayskaya station together with another pilot.

Mikhail Nekrasov and Rybin claimed one Bf 109 each over Ol'khovskiy airfield on 12 August.

Rybin was killed in air combat near Krymskaya on 26 April 1943.

At the time of his death, Rybin was credited with 1 biplane victory and a total of 9.
During the Great Patriotic War, he had flown 168 missions and taken part in 30 combats.

He received a posthumous Gold Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin on 24 August 1943.

Kill no. Date Time Number Type Result Plane type Serial no. Locality Unit
1 07/03/40 15:15-15:25 1 Gladiator (a) Destroyed I-153   Tervajoki area 3./148 IAP
  18/02/42   1/6 Bf 109 Shared destroyed MiG-3   Plota - Maloye Yablonovo 148 IAP
2 27/03/42   1 He 113 Destroyed MiG-3   Staryy Saltov 148 IAP
3 03/06/42   1 Do 217 Destroyed Yak-1   Skorodnoye 148 IAP
4 28/07/42   1 Bf 109 Destroyed Yak-1   Kalach 148 IAP
  06/08/42   1/3 Ju 87 Shared destroyed Yak-1   N Gniloaksayskaya station 148 IAP
  06/08/42   1/2 Bf 109 Shared destroyed Yak-1   W Aksay 148 IAP
5 10/08/42   1 Bf 109 Destroyed Yak-1   Ol'khovskiy airfield 148 IAP
  10/08/42   1/? Ju 87 Shared destroyed Yak-1   Podstepinskiy 148 IAP
  10/08/42   1/? Ju 87 Shared destroyed Yak-1   Podstepinskiy 148 IAP
6 12/08/42   1 Bf 109 Destroyed Yak-1   Ol'khovskiy airfield 148 IAP
7 20/08/42   1 Bf 109 Destroyed Yak-1   S Nizhnyaya Akatovka 148 IAP
8 20/08/42   1 Bf 109 Destroyed Yak-1   W Verkhne-Gnilovskaya 148 IAP
9 20/08/42   1 Bf 109 Destroyed Yak-1   SE Kozhevnya 148 IAP

Biplane victories: 1 destroyed.
TOTAL: 9 and 5 shared destroyed.
(a) Claimed in combat with LeLv 14, which claimed 2 I-153s while suffering 2 damaged Gladiators. 3,/148 IAP claimed 3 Gladiators while losing 1 I-153.

All aces of Stalin 1936–1953 – Mikhail Bykov, 2014
Red Stars 7 - Talvisota Ilmassa - The Winter War In the Air - Carl-Fredrik Geust, 2011 Apali Oy, Tampere, ISBN 978-952-5877-04-5
Soviet Aces 1936-1953
Soviet Fighter Pilots 1936-1953 - Mikhail Bykov
Suomen Ilmavoimat part II – 1928-40 – Kalevi Keskinen and Kari Stenman, 2006, ISBN 952-99743-0-2

Last modified 03 June 2021